Asian Hematology Research Journal <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Hematology Research Journal</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish&nbsp;high-quality&nbsp;papers (<a href="/index.php/AHRJ/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of&nbsp;‘Hematology research’. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US (Asian Hematology Research Journal) (Asian Hematology Research Journal) Mon, 25 Jan 2021 12:41:08 +0000 OJS 60 Venetoclax First Cycle Treatment in a Case of Severe AML FAB M2 and COVID-19 Pneumoniae: A Rare Clinical Scenario <p>Here we describe a rare case of a venetoclax first cycle treatment in a case of a newly diagnosed COVID-19 pneumoniae.</p> Radu Gaba ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 25 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Prevalence of Glutathione S Transferase (GSTM1, GSTP1 and GSTT1) Genes Polymorphisms among Pediatric Sudanese Patients with Sickle Cell Anemia <p><strong>Background: </strong>Sickle cell disease (SCD) is taken into account as one of the foremost types of anemia in Sudan, particulary in the western part of the country. The glutathione system plays a vital role in the removal of endogenous products of peroxidation of lipids, thus protecting cells and tissue against damage from oxidative stress. Impairment of the glutathione system as result of genetic polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferase (GST) genes is anticipated to increase the severity of SCD manifestations.</p> <p><strong>Aims/Objective</strong><strong>s:</strong> This study was aimed to evaluate the rate of GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 gene polymorphisms among sickle cell anemia pediatric patients in Sudan.</p> <p><strong>Study Design</strong><strong>:</strong> Case control study.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study</strong><strong>:</strong> This study carried out in Khartoum town in Jafar Ibn Auf Pediatric Hospital / Khartoum during the period (June 2017 to June 2020).</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong><strong>:</strong> The total subjects of the confirmed diagnosis were 126 and 126 control. Among these cases of SCA 78 (61.9%) are males and 48 (38.1%) are female and for control 80 (63.5%) are male and 46 (36.5%) are female.</p> <p>We measured the frequency distribution of the three GSTs gene polymorphisms, GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). GSTP1 genotyping was conducted with a PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay, SPSS version 23 was used to analyze the data.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The GSTM1 null genotype frequency was found to be slightly lower in the control group, (30.2% as opposed to 33.3% in SCA patients), but this difference was not considered to be statistically significant (OR = 1.16, 95% CI: 0.68-1.97; p- value = 0.5884), GSTT1 was found in 47.6% of SCA patients and 77.8% of the Control but the frequency of individuals carrying the GSTT1 null genotype was significantly higher among SCA patients, 52.4% compared to 22.2% of the Control; (OR = 3.85, 95% CI: 2.23- 6.65; p-value =0.0001). Individuals with a combined GSTM1 null/GSTT1 null genotype had an estimated 11.7-fold increased risk of SCA (OR=11.7; CI=2.67-51.2; p-value=0.0011).</p> <p>The homozygous mutant type (Val/Val) of GSTP1 showed significant difference between patients and controls (OR= 6.53, 95% CI: 1.41-30.24; P-value = 0.0164).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The GSTT1 polymorphism and combined form of GSTM1 null/GSTT1 null genotype and the homozygous mutant type (Val/Val) of GSTP1 increase the risk of sickle cell anemia.</p> Naif Taleb Ali, Ozaz Yagoup Mohammed Ahmed, Fayad Osman Mohammed, Huda Mohammed Haroun ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 25 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000 A Study on Serum Biochemical Analysis “Broiler” Feed Diets Containing Graded Levels of Locust Beans (Parkia biglobosa) Seed Meal in Poultry Production and Research Unit of the Department of Animal Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria <p>The study was carried out evaluate the effects of feeding locust bean (<em>Parkia biglobosa</em>) seed at graded levels on the serum biochemistry of “broilers”. Two hundred and forty broilers were used which were randomly allocated to four treatment groups, each replicated four times in a completely randomized design. The diets consisted of 0% level of LBSM which served as experimental control, while other three diets includes; 5, 10, and 15% levels of LBSM. The experiment was divided into two phases (starter and finisher) each of which lasted for 28 days. Broiler fed 5% LBSM had higher value for packed cell volume (PCV) of 33.25% and hemoglobin concentration (HC) (11.79 g/dl) which was significantly higher (P&lt;0.05) than the PCV and the hemoglobin concentration (HC) of the broiler fed the other diets. The values of white blood cell (WBC) for broilers fed 5% and 10% were statistically similar (13.44 and 13.26 x10<sup>3</sup>/mm<sup>3</sup>) (P&gt;0.05) but significantly higher (P&lt;0.05) than values obtained from birds fed the Control Diet and 15% LBSM (11.54 x10<sup>3</sup>/mm<sup>3</sup>) (10.21 x10<sup>3</sup>/mm<sup>3</sup>). Red blood cell, (RBC) values obtained from the broilers fed the control diet, 10% and 15% LBSM (2.12, 2.43 and 2.32 respectively) 10<sup>6</sup>/mm<sup>3</sup> did not differ significantly from one another (P&gt;0.05) but were significantly lower (P&lt;0.05) compared to the value obtained from the birds fed 5% LBSM (3.55 x10<sup>6</sup>/mm<sup>3</sup>). There was no significant difference (P&gt;0.05) in the mean corpuscular volume (MCV) of the broilers fed the experimental diets. However, the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) values obtained from broilers fed 5% LBSM (36.100%) was higher (P&lt;0.05) than the values obtained from birds fed 10% LBSM.</p> Abubakar Yusuf Kakagida, Musa Mabu Isa, Abubakar Bello Anka, Mohammed Shu’aibu Shinkafi, Audu A. Mohammed ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 12 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0000